Keeping real plants in an aquarium tank setup brings a variety of benefits, and it is especially crucial for shrimp owners as vegetation provides both nourishment and hiding spot for your little pets. There are hundreds of different species of plants that can thrive underwater, and many of them are rather easy to keep alive and healthy. Let’s have a look at the best options for your aquarium setup.
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Best Plants for Freshwater Aquarium
Amazon Sword – Echinodorus bleheri
The Amazon Sword is a really common plant in aquariums. It has a slow but not too much growth: within a year it could reach 60 cm in height. Place it a central or lateral area of the tank, this plant gets quite big. In terms of temperature and other requirements, this plant isn’t particularly needy. Its ideal temperature is between 22 ° and 28 ° and it also has a large tolerability range of Ph which varies between 5 and 9. An excellent plant for beginners.
One may can call it the strongest plant ever, the Anubias Barteri resists most of the misadventures that could happen inside of an aquarium. It is a slow-growing plant, it does not need special fertilizers or too much light. It is not very difficult to find a place in the aquarium, it can be tied to trunks with a small cotton thread until the roots of the plant completely join the wood or it can be planted directly on the substrate. It is usually placed in the front of the aquarium, laterally or in the center. The ideal temperature for this plant is around 25 ° C, it is strongly advised not to exceed 30 °, the plant would not resist these temperatures. As for the water values, the most important is the Ph which must be between 5 and 8. To make it stronger and more luxuriant, it is recommended to administer Iron and Magnesium.
A very popular choice for shrimp keepers and aquarists in general, Java moss is especially good as an hiding spot for and will increase the survival chances of your pets. It is considered an invasive species, because once it has developed roots it is very difficult to completely remove. You can tie it to any ornamental piece in your aquarium with a nylon thread and let it propagate – the moss will cover any walls, woods and rocks that it encounters. In nature, it can get out of control fairly quickly. Java moss grows well with a pH level between 5 and 8 and temperatures between 18-30°C, and strongly prefers dimmed light – brighter lights will considerably stunt its growth.
Likewise the moss above, Java fern is also a popular choice between aquarists. It is a resistant plant and very adaptable to any water value, which grows even in low light. It forms bushes that can become huge, and which offer refuge between the leaves and roots to smaller fish. It is best cultivated by making it take root in trunks or rocks, to which they must initially be tied with nylon thread; once the new roots that cling firmly to the support have grown, the nylon thread can be removed. If you prefer to bury the plant in the bottom, it is better not to cover the rhizome with the bottom material, because it can tend to rot. It is very easy to propagate, if you have a large bush it is possible to divide it into parts, even small ones, to be fixed in turn on a support; moreover, on the margin of the leaves, and sometimes on the surface of the leaf itself, bulbils are formed, which give life to true adventitious seedlings, which can be detached and replanted, or once they have grown enough they detach themselves from the mother plant.